Climate change, tourism and air transport. Global sustainable tourism requires sustainable air transport.
|Peeters, P. M. & Dings, J. M. W.|
Peeters, P. M. & Dings, J. M. W. (2007) Climate change, tourism and air transport. Global sustainable tourism requires sustainable air transport. IN Amelung, B., Blazejczyk, K. & Matzarakis, A. (Eds.) Climate Change and Tourism - Assessment and Coping Strategies, 20-40. Maastricht: Institute of Geographical and Spatial Organisation, Polish Academy of Sciences.
Though most tourism trips use surface based transport modes, air transport is responsible for up to 60% of the impact of tourism on climate change. However, the share of air transport within tourism grows fast posing a risk for tourism in case policy measures are taken to prevent dangerous climate change. Technology will not be able to solve the emissions problem, therefore policies should also be directed at checking air transport volume growth. Economic measures like emission trading are most efficient if set at a sufficiently strong level. The social impacts of such policies will be limited if the policies are consistent over a longer time span. A technological revolution towards emission free aviation will take many decades to develop, but may in the (very) long term provide new opportunities for air transport growth.
KEYWORDS: climate change, air transport, tourism, policy instruments, technology.
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