Trends in European tourism transport and its impacts
Peeters, P. (2006) Trends in European tourism transport and its impacts. Environmentally friendly travelling in Europe. PP. 13-23, 30 and 31 January 2006. Vienna: BMLFUW.
Environmental impacts of intercontinental tourism are large compared to their economic value. Therefore current large growth of ICA travel should be somehow counteracted. Any such measures will be difficult to enforce as they not only go against the current trends, but are also opposed by the tourism industry. On the other hand, more people travel from the EU to other continents than vice versa, so for the EU less growth of ICA is economically probably advantageous. At the moment ticket prices do not show any correlation with ecological damage caused by travel. Air tickets sell at three or four eurocents per pkm while long distance rail tickets cost ten to twenty cents per pkm. The national structure of rail transport makes it difficult to enhance international passenger transport. Furthermore, the average length of stay should be enhanced by actions at destinations in cooperation with transport companies. Finally, the ecological efficiency of transport systems has to be increased, not only for car and aircraft, but also for coach and rail. The latter to provide the best chances for an ecologically and economically sound travel sector in the EU.
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