Climate change, leisure-related tourism and global transport
Peeters, P. M. (2005) Climate change, leisure-related tourism and global transport. IN Hall, M. C. & Higham, J. (Eds.) Tourism, recreation and climate change, 247-259. Clevedon: Channel View.
Environmental concerns in tourism date back four decades. In these days the emphasis was on "planning/or tourism" (Cohen (1978) cited by Theuns (2001)). Still a common characteristic of environmental impact analyses for tourism development is their focus on the local and sometimes regional level, without reference to the global impacts of tourist transport. Only recently the impacts of transport have been recognised to be important for environmental analyses of tourism (see Becken, 2002; Ceron, 2003; Gössling, 2002; Gössling et al., 2002; Høyer, 1999; Peeters, 2003). Current definitions of tourism is very wide and may hamper environmental analysis. The international definition of tourism as given by UN (2001) includes all travel purposes, as tourism visitors are all travellers staying between one night and one year outside their usual environment. The remainder is defined as ‘same-day visitor’. Transport statistics often define the ‘tourism’ motive as leisure related only. Therefore, in this chapter leisure related transport has been taken as basis for the calculations, excluding travel motives such as business, commuting and everyday care (shopping etceteras), but including ‘same-day’ visitors.
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