Travelling large in 2008: the carbon footprint of Dutch holidaymakers in 2008 and the development since 2002
|de Bruijn, K., Dirven, R., Eijgelaar, E. & Peeters, P.|
de Bruijn, K., Dirven, R., Eijgelaar, E. & Peeters, P. (2010) Travelling large in 2008: the carbon footprint of Dutch holidaymakers in 2008 and the development since 2002. NHTV-NRIT Research-NBTC-NIPO Research, Breda, Netherlands.
This report is the English version of the Dutch theme report compiled by NHTV CSTT, in collaboration with NRIT Research and NBTC-NIPO Research, published in 2009. It desribes the carbon footprint of Dutch holidaymakers in 2008, and the development through the years 2002-2005-2008.
After the (Dutch) pilot report ‘Travelling large in 2005’, this follow-up report now not only presents detailed information on the carbon footprint and eco-efficiency of holidays by the Dutch in 2008, but also on the development of holiday emissions through the years 2002-2005-2008. Data on Dutch travel behaviour from the Continuous Holiday Survey (CVO), the annual holiday survey in the Netherlands, form the basis of this report. Specifically for this analysis, as an indicator for the environmental effect of tourism, the carbon footprint was used and added to the CVO.
Among the more striking results is a 16.8% increase of the total carbon footprint of Dutch holidaymakers between 2002 and 2008, resulting in a 9% share of total Dutch CO2 emissions (following the Kyoto protocol) in 2008. Emission growth is mainly caused by the strong increase in the average distance travelled (+33% between 2002 and 2008), resulting from an 82% increase in intercontinental, long-haul holidays during the same period. Domestic tourism, responsible for 48% of all trips, produced 18% of all holiday emissions in 2008.
The database shows holidays by cycle and train, as well as non-organised holidays, have a relatively small carbon footprint, whereas holidays by plane, those spend in hotels, and organised holidays, have a relatively high environmental impact. The information in the report provides perspectives for Dutch industry stakeholders towards developing and selling more sustainable travel products, and for policymakers to take a new approach on aviation and outbound tourism development. This kind of action is badly needed when comparing the overall increase in Dutch holiday emissions with national and EU emission reduction targets.
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